Scottish Surnames and Scottish Clan Surname Meanings and Associations

Abbot — "son of the abbot". Associated with Clan MacNab. Abbotson.
Abercrombie — began with William de Abercromby in 1296, of Fife; this line died out in the mid-1600's, and the Abercrombies of Birkenbog now carry the name. Abercromby, Abircromby, Eabercrombie.
Abernethy — of uncertain origins, the first being Hugh Abernethy in the mid-1100's C. of Culdee Monastery of Abernethy in Strathearn. Abernathy.
Adam — Adam, the sub-prior of Melrose, became abbot of Cupar in 1189. James Adam (1730-1794) was a renowned architect. Allied with Clan Gordon.
Adamson — "son of Adam". Allied with the Mackintosh and Shaw clans. Ademson, Adamesoune.
Addison — associated with Clan Gordon.
Adie — dim. of Adam; common in Edinburgh and Aberdeenshire in the 17th C. Allied with the Gordon clan. Addie, Addy, Eadie, Eddie, Edie.
Agnew — stems from Latin for "lamb"; first recorded circa 1190 as a Norman name in Liddesdale.
Airlie — associated with Clan Ogilvy.
Airth — associated with Clan Graham.
Aitcheson — associated with Clan Gordon.
Aitken — associated with Clan Gordon.
Alaister — from the Gaelic version of Alexander, and variant spelling of Alastair. Allied with the MacDonald clan.
Alcock — dim. of Allan; records show a William Alkok as a witness in Aberdeen in 1281. Allied with the MacDonald clan.
Alexander — a Greek name brought by the Hungarian court by Queen Margaret, wife of King Malcolm Ceannmor; in the variant MacAlexander, the "mac" was dropped toward the end of the 17th C. Allied with MacArthur, MacAlister, and MacDonald clans.
Alison — possible version of Allanson. Allied with the MacAlister and MacDonald clans. Allison.
Alistair — associated with Clan MacAlister.
Allen — allied with the MacDonald and MacFarlane clans. Allan, Allanson.
Allerdice — considered ancient by William the Lion (1198) and has several meanings, including one meaning "monks cell or sanctuary" from the Pictish language, and the other a placename meaning "of alder trees and Dyce from Hilltop". Family has held the oldest continuous land grant in Scotland. Assoicated to Mentieth Graham Plaid. Allardice, Alrethes.
Alpin — from Kenneth MacAlpin, who united the Picts and Scots circa 850; and make Dun Add in Dalriada his capital. MacAulay, MacDuff, MacFie, MacGregor, MacKinnon, MacNab, and MacQuarrie clans claim descent. MacAlpine, MacAlpin.
AndersonMac Ghille Aindrais. "Son of Andrew"; also known as MacAndrew, this name comes from Saint Andrew, patron saint of Scotland. Allied with the MacDonald and Ross clans.
Andrew — allied with the Ross clan.
Angus — came from Ireland to Scotland, and the god Aonghus mac Og. Allied with the MacInnes clan.
Anstruther — from the lands of Anstruther in Fife.
Arbuthnott — originated in Berwickshire; Duncan, son of Hugh of Swinton, adopted the name in the 12th C.
Armstrong — "strength of the arm"; originally from French-Norman Fortenbras. It is said that the armor bearer to a King of Scots acquired this name after he rescued the monarch on a battlefield when the king's horse was killed under him. Because of his strength, he was known as Armstrong.
Arrol — associated with Clan Hay.
Arthur — from Old Irish arth "bear". In the Shetland Islands, it is a version of the Norse-Viking name Ottar. Allied with the Campbell and MacArthur clans.
Askey — associated with Clan MacLeod.
Austin — associated with Clan Keith.
Ayson — a very old family; allied with CLan Mackintosh. Eason, Easson, Esson.

Baillie — variant of English Bayliss, "son of the bailiff".
Bain — widespread version of De Bayns of England. Allied with the Mackay and MacBain clans.
Baird — from the word bard, "poet".
Balfour — from the lands and barony of Markinch in Fife; at one time more than twenty branches of this family held lands in Fife.
Ballach — allied with Clan MacDonald. Bello, Belloch, Bellocht.
Bannatyen — from a place called Bennachtain. Allied with the Campbell clan. Bannatyne, Ballentyne.
Bannerman — from a standard-bearer or an early Scottish king. Allied with Clan Forbes.
Barclay — of Norman descent, from Roger de Berkeley who came to England with William the Conqueror and given a castle and lands in Gloucestershire.
Barrie — associated with Clans Farquharson and Gordon.
Barron — associated with Clan Rose.
Bartholomew — "son of the twin". Associated with Clans MacFarlane and Leslie. Bartelmew, Bartilmo, Bartlemo, Bartilmew, Bartolomew.
Baxter — from Old English baecestre "a female baker". In Middle English it changed to Baxster; and old Scottish Latin records list it as Pistor.
Bayn — from Gaelic ban "white". No connection to English Bayne. Allied with the Mackay clan. Bayne, Bain, Baine.
Bean — from Gaelic beathan "life"; sometimes written Macbean. Allied with Clan MacBain. Beane, Beaine.
Beath — from the placename Beath, in Fife. Allied with Clans MacDonald and MacLean.
BeatonPeutan, Na Peutanaich (Beatons). One of the two families who practiced medicine to the chiefs of the MacDonalds and MacLaines in the 16th and 17th C's. The Beatons were from Skye. Allied with the MacDonald, MacLean, and MacLeod clans.
Beattie — associated with Clan MacBain.
Begbie — found in East Lothian. Bagby
Begg — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Bell — from either Peter le Bel, "handsome"; John atte Belle (a Middle English name); and Robert, son of Bel or Isabel. Common on the Borders for centuries. Allied with Clan Macmillan.
Berry — associated with Clan Forbes.
Bethune — first appears in records between 1165-1190, when Robert de Betunia was a witness in court. Possibly derives from a town in Pas de Calais. Allied with Clan MacDonald. Betun, Beton. The Betons are associated with Clan MacLeod.
Bigham — can be construed as "established land" from the two words, "big," a verb of the Scots tongue meaning "to build" or "to excavate earth (or to make habitable)" + "holm," a noun of a northwestern English dialect meaning a type of terrain, usually low-flat land near a river, but also related to holm in Old Saxon, meaning hill. From local origin in Ayreshire (Bigholm) or Dumfriesshire (village of Bigholms). Biggam, Bigholm.
Binnie — associated with Clan MacBain.
Bisset — dim. of Old French word bis "rock dove". Records show the Bissets of Aird and Lessendrum are among the oldest families in Aberdeen.
Black — from either Old English bla(e)c "black"; or OE bla'c "bright, white, or pale"; or from the Gaelic names M'Ille Dhuibh or Mac Gille Dhuibh, "son of the black lad". Allied with Clans Lamont, MacGregor and Maclean.
Blake — associated with Clan Lamont.
Bonar — associated with Clan Graham.
Bontein — associated with Clan Graham. Bontine.
Borthwick — from old barony of Borthwick along Borthwick Water in Roxburghshire. Folk tales say that a Borthwick who was in the Crusades recaptured Robert the Bruce's heart from the Saracens.
Boswell — appeared in old Scottish records when a Robert de Boseuille came from Normandy during the time of William the Lion. An established family in Berwickshire by the 12th C.
Bowers — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Bowie — John Boye, alias Bowy and Boee, lived in Yarmouth in 1481. Allied with Clan MacDonald.
Bowmaker — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Bowman — associated with Clan Farquharson.
BoydBod, Bhoid, or Boid. Possibly derived from the placename Bute.
Boyes — associated with Clan Forbes.
Boyle — possibly from the Irish O'Baoghail, or the De Boyville family from Normandy and originated in Boyville or Beauville near Caen.
Brebner — associated with Clan Farquharson.
Brewer — associated with Clans Drummond and MacGregor.
Brieve — associated with Clan Morrison.
BrodieBrothaigh. Ancestry can be traced back to a Pictish tribe of Moray, and comes from ancient Thaneage. Michael de Brothis was given a charter by King Robert Bruce before the battle of Bannockburn in 1311. Allied with the MacDonald clan. Brody, Bryde, Brydie.
Broun — variant of Brown, a very common name.
Brown — allied with the Lamont and MacMillan clans.
BruceBrus, Na Brusaich (Bruces). From the Normandy family de Bruis, who came with William the Conqueror in 1066. Robert the Bruce (1274-1329) took the throne in 1306 and fought at Bannockburn; when he died his heart was carried to Jerusalem during the Crusades, but brought back to be buried at Melrose Abbey. After the death of his son, the throne went to the Stewarts. Bush.
Bryce — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
Bryde — associated with Clan Brodie.
Buchan — ancestry can be traced back to the Pictish Mormaers of Buchan, who were Earls of Buchan in the 12th C. Allied with the Comyn/Cummings clan, but an individual clan on their own.
BuchananBochanan, Canonach. Pictish origin; they claim descent from the Ancient Britons of Strathclyde; another source says it was taken from the district of Buchanan. Branches included the Arnprior, Auchamar, Carbeth, Drumakill, Leny, and Spittal families. MacCalman, MacCammond.
Buntain — associated with Clan Graham. Bunten, Buntine.
Burdon — associated with Clan Lamont.
Burk — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Burnett — the Burnetts of Barns claim descent from Robertius de Burneville in the reign of David I. Allied with the Campbell clan. Burnet.
Burns — allied with Clan Campbell. Robert Burns (1759-1796) was a famous poet. Burnes.

Caddell — associated with Clan Campbell.
Caird — associated with Clans MacGregor and Sinclair.
CameronCamshron, Na Camshronaich (Camerons). From the Gaelic cam-shron "crooked nose" or "hooked nose". There were once three branches: the MacSorleys of Glen Nevis, the MacMartins of Letterfinlay, and the MacGillonies of Strone. Through all the troubles with the England, the Camerons were loyal to the royal Stuarts. Cameron of Erracht, Cameron of Lochiel.
CampbellCaimbeul, Na Caimbeulich (Campbells). From the Gaelic cam-beul "crooked mouth". First recorded in the 13th C. at the marriage of Eva O'Duibhne and Colin Campbell. His son Neil supported Robert Bruce, and gained extensive grants of land. The Campbells of Trachur are descended from Colin's cousin; and the Campbells of Loudoun from his younger son. Campbell of Argyll, Campbell of Breadalbane, Campbell of Cawdor.
Cariston — associated with Clan Skene.
Carlyle — associated with Clan Bruce.
Carmichael — from the name of a barony in Lanarkshire. Appears as Carmiggelt in Holland.
Carnegie — from the lands of Carryneggy in southwest Angus.
Carr — associated with Clan Kerr.
Carrick — associated with Clan Kennedy.
Carson — associated with Clan MacPherson.
Carstarphen — associated with Clan Forrester.
Cassels — associated with Clan Kennedy.
Cathcart — from the lands of Cathcart in Renfrewshire. The family went north with Walter Fitz Alan, the first of the Stewards, and probably of Breton origin.
Cattanach — associated with Clan MacPherson.
Caw — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
Cessford — associated with Clan Kerr.
Charles — associated wtih Clan MacKenzie.
Charteris — founded by Thomas de Longueville, who was given lands of Kinfauns by King Robert Bruce.
Chattan — from Gillichattan Mor, the Great Servant of St. Catan of the ancient Culdee Church. The clan name was used to describe a tribal federation after the marriage of Eva Chattan and Angus Mackintosh, after 1291. They were a powerful force in the Highlands for nearly five centuries. Cattanach.
Cheyne — from Norman ancestors from Quesney, near Coutances.
ChisholmSiosal, Siosalach, Na Siosalaich (Chisholms). Originally De Chesholme, from a Norman family in Roxburghshire. Both the Highland and Lowland Chisholms descend from one ancestor who married Margaret, Lady of Erchless.
Christie — associated with Clan Farquharson.
Clanachan — associated with Clan MacLean.
Clark — associated with Clans Cameron and MacPherson.
Clarke — associated with Clans Cameron and MacPherson.
Clarkson — associated with Clans Cameron and MacPherson.
Clement — associated with Clan Lamont.
Clergy — possibly from the group ordained as priests, ministers, rabbis, etc.
Clerk — associated with Clans Cameron and MacPherson.
Cluny — associated with Clan MacPherson.
Clyne — associated with Clan Sinclair.
Cobb — associated with Clan Lindsay.
Cochrane — from the lands of Cochrane (Coueran) near Paisley in Renfrewshire.
Cockburn — from a placename near Berwickshire; they were ancient vassals of the Earls of March. Their castle at Skirling was demolished in 1568 for their support of Mary, Queen of Scots.
Collier — associated with Clan Robertson.
Colman — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Colquhoun — (cohoon) from the barony of Colquhoun in Dunbartonshire. Ancestry is traced to Humphrey de Kilpatrick or Kirkpatrick, who received a land grant from Alexander II. The last known person to openly practice witchcraft in Scotland was Sir John Colquhoun.
Colson — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Colville — possibly from the town of Coleville in Normandy. 12th C. Scottish records show a Philip de Coleuille having baronies of Oxnam and Heiton in Roxburghshire.
Colyear — associated with Clan Robertson.
Combie — associated with Clan MacThomas.
Comine — associated with Clan Cumming (Comyn).
Comrie — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Conacher — associated with Clan MacDougall.
Connall — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Connell — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Conochie — associated with Clan Campbell.
Constable — associated with Clan Hay.
Cook — associated with Clan Stewart.
Corbet — associated with Clan Ross.
Cormack — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Corstorphine — associated with Clan Forrester.
Coull — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Coulson — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Cousland — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Coutts — associated with Clan Farquharson.
Cowan — associated with Clans Colquhoun and MacDougall.
Cowie — associated with Clan Fraser.
Cranstoun — from Elfric de Cranston, a 10th C. Norman; his family owned land in Edinburgh and Roxburghshire.
Crawford — from the barony of Crawford in the upper ward of Clydesdale. Sir Archibald Crawford of Loudoun's sister married Malcolm Wallace and was Sir William Wallace's mother. Archibald was murdered during a banquet by the English.
Crerar — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
Crichton — from an old barony in Midlothian. A Turstand de Crectune was in Scotland in 1128.
Crombie — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Crookshanks — associated with Clan Stewart.
Cruickshanks — associated with Clan Stewart.
Crum — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Cullin — associated with Clan Gordon.
Cumin — variation on Comyn and/or Cumming.
CummingCuimean. Traced to Charlamagne through Robert de Comyn, governor of Northumberland in 1068 by William the Conqueror. During Alexander III's reign, they had earldoms in Atholl, Buchan, and Menteith. John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch, had strong claim to the Scottish throne through descent of King Duncan. His mother was King John Balliol's sister. Cummings, Comyn, Common, Cummin.
Cunningham — ancestry traced to Warnibald family in Ayshire, settled in the 12th C. Alexander III gave lands of Kilmaurs to Harvey de Cunningham after the battle of Largs.
CurrieMcMhuirich.

Dallas — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
Dalyrample — James Dalyrample was made a baronet in 1164; and the family held a charter for lands in the 14th C. James' son, the first Earl of Stair, issued notorious letters that led to the massacre of MacIan Macdonalds of Glen Coe.
Dalzeil — origins go back to the barony of Dalzell in Lanarkshire. Folk tales say King Kenneth II offered a reward to any man who was brave enough to retrieve the body of his hanged kinsman. A man shouted "Dal Zell," which in Old Scots means "I dare".
Daniels — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Davidson — originates from Donald Dhu of Inernahavon, chief of the Davidson, who married one of Angus' daughters. The family had an ongoing feud with the Macphersons over precedence in the Clan Chattan. Davey, Davis, Davison, MacDade, MacDaid, MacDavid.
Dawson — associated with Clan Davidson.
Day — associated with Clan Davidson.
Dean — associated with Clan Davidson.
Denoon — associated with Clan Campbell.
Denune — associated with Clan Campbell.
Deuchar — associated with Clan Lindsay.
Dickson — associated with Clan Keith.
Dingwall — associated with Clans Munro and Ross.
Dinnes — associated with Clan Innes.
Dis — associated with Clan Skene.
Dixon — associated with Clan Keith.
Dobbie — associated with Clan Robertson.
Dobson — associated with Clan Robertson.
Dochart — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Docharty — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Doig — associated with Clan Drummond.
Doles — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
Donachie — associated with Clan Robertson.
Donaldson — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Donillson — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Donleavy — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Donlevy — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Donnellson — associated with Clan MacDonnell.
DouglasDùghlas, Dubhghlas, Na Dùghlasaich (Doughlases). First record of William de Douglas in Lanarkshire, 12th C. Because of the clan's wealth, strength, and influence, they were a threat to the royal Stewarts, which caused them to lose their title and lands in 1455. Douglass.
Dove — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Dow — associated with Clans Buchanan and Davidson.
Dowe — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Downie — associated with Clan Lindsay.
DrummondDrummann. Derived from a placename, the lands of Drummond or Drymen, near Loch Lomond. First record of Malcolm Beg; his son took the Drummond name. They were supporters of the royal Stewarts.
Drysdale — associated with Clan Douglas.
Duff — associated with Clan MacDuff.
Duffie — associated with Clan MacFie.
Duffus — associated with Clan Sutherland.
Duffy — associated with Clan Macfie.
Duilach — associated with Clan Stewart.
Dunbar — ancestry traced to Crinan the Thane, and Seneschal of the Isles, father of King Duncan I and Maldred. Maldred's son Gopatric, was deprived of his earldom by William the Conqueror, so he fled to Scotland and made the earl of Dunbar by King Malcolm III.
DuncanClann Dhonnachaidh. From a chief of Clan Donnachaidh "Fat Duncan," who led his clan at Bannockburn. They held lands in Forfarshire, the barony of Lundie, and the estate of Gourdie.
Duncanson — associated with Clan Robertson.
Dundas — old documents show a Serle de Dundas during William the Lion's reign. The Dundas family of Virginia trace their ancestry to a member of the Dundas' who emigrated in 1757.
Dunnachie — associated with Clan Robertson.
Duthie — associated with Clan Ross.
Dyce — associated with Clan Skene.

Eadie — associated with Clan Gordon.
Eaton — associated with Clan Home.
Edie — associated with Clan Gordon.
Elder — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
Elliot — one of the great Border clans of southern Scotland, the surname appearing in the 13th C at Arbirlot (Aber-Eliot). The Elliotts of Stobs took over chiefship after James VI banished and executed many of the Border clans for lawlessness. Eliot.
Ennis — associated with Clan Innes.
Enrick — associated with Clan Gunn.
Elphinstone — derived from a placename, the village of Elphinstone in East Lothian. The sixteenth baron married Lady Mary Bowes Lyon, a sister of Elizabeth, the Queen Mother.
Erskine — from Henry de Erskine, who held lands in Refrewshire during Alexander II's reign. A descendant, Gratney of Mar, married Robert Bruce's sister; their son Donald was regent of Scotland.
Esson — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
Ewing — associated with Clan MacLachlan.

Fair — associated with Clan Ross.
Fairbairn — associated with Clan Armstrong.
FarquharsonMacFhearchair. From Farquhar, son of Alexander Ciar, third shaw of Macintosh of Rothiemurchus in Strathspey. Branches include Inverey, Finzean, Monaltrie, Balmoral.
Federith — associated with Clan Sutherland.
Fee — associated with Clan MacFie.
FergusonFearghasdan, MacFhearghais, Na Fearghasdanaich (Fergusons), Clann 'IcFhearghais. Said that the family first settled in Kintyre. The seat of Fergusson chiefs, Kilkerran in Ayrshire was names after St. Ciaran of Ireland who came to Daruadhain in the 6th C. The Kilkerran branch are descended from Fergus in the time of Robert Bruce. Fergusson, Fergus, Ferries, Forgie.
Ferson — associated with MacPherson.
Fife — associated with Clan MacDuff.
Findlater — associated with Clan Ogilvie.
Findlay — associated with Clan Farquharson.
Findlayson — associated with Clan Farquharson.
Finlay — associated with Clan Farquharson.
FinlaysonFionnlasdan, MacFhionnlaigh, Na Fionnlasdanaich (Finlaysons), Clann 'IcFhionnlaigh. Associated with Clan Farquharson.
Fisher — associated with Clan Campbell.
Fleming — "one from Flanders"; first recorded in the 12th C. A Jordan Fleming was taken prisoner with William the Lion in 1174.
Fletcher — "arrow maker"; the Fletchers followed the clans and made arrows. Associated with the Stewarts and Campbells of Argyll, and the MacGregors of Perthshire.
ForbesFoirbeis. Family history traced to Ochonochar. Fordyce.
Forrester — associated with Clan Forrester. Forester, Foristar, Forrister.
Forrest — associated with Clan Forrester. Forest.
Forster — associated with Clan Forrester. Forstar.
Forsyth — from Gaelic fearsithe "man of peace".
Foster — associated with Clan Forrester. Fostar.
Fotheringham — possibly a corruption of Fotheringhay in Northamptonshire, which held the royal house of Scotland in the 12th C.
Foulis — associated with Clan Munro.
France — associated with Clan Stewart.
Francis — associated with Clan Stewart.
FraserFriseal, Na Frisealaich (Frasers). From the French name de Friselle or Fresel, then Fraisier, deriving from fraises "strawberry flowers". Freser, Frew, Frezel, Frisell, Frizelle.
Fullerton — first recorded was Alanus de Fowlertoun, who founded a convent of Carmelites (White Friars) at Irvine. In the 14th C., a branch settled in Arran.
Fyfe — associated with Clan MacDuff.

Galbraith — Gaelic for "Briton's son". Associated with the island of Gigha and Clan Donald.
Gallie — associated with Clan Gunn.
Galt — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Gardyne — from the barony of Gardyne in Angus and very common in the Arbroath area.
Garrow — associated with Clan Stewart.
Garvie — associated with Clan MacLean.
Gaunson — associated with Clan Gunn.
Gayre — a Cornwall family in the 12th C.; a branch moved to Yorkshire, but fled to Scotland in the 16th C. after destroying a castle there. They married into the Mowe and MacCulloch families. Gair, Gear, Gairn, Geir, Gaire, Garrison, Garson, McGair, McGeir.
Geddes — associated with Clan Gordon.
Georgeson — associated with Clan Gunn.
Gibb — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Gifford — associated with Clan Hay.
Gilbert — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Gilbertson — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Gilbride — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Gilchrist — associated with Clans MacLachlan and Ogilvy.
Gilfillan — associated with Clan MacNab.
Gill — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Gillanders — associated with Clan Ross.
Gillespie — associated with Clan MacPherson.
GilliesMacIllIosa, Clann 'IcIllIosa (Gillies(es)). from Badenoch and the Hebrides, meaning "servant of James".
Gillon — associated with Clan MacLean.
Gilroy — associated with Clans Grant and MacGillivray.
Glendowyn — sept of the Clan Douglas; dates back to 13th Century and Adam de Glendonwyn. Glendening, Glendinning, Glendenning, Glendening, Clendenning, Clendennen, Clindening, Glendennon, Glendoning, Glendining.
Glennie — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
Gordon — first recorded in the late 12th C. The sixth Lord Byron, George Gordon, was a poet.
Gorrie — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Goudie — associated with Clan MacPherson.
Gow — associated with Clan MacPherson.
Gowan — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Gowrie — associated with Clan MacDonald.
GrahamGreum, Na Greumaich (Grahams). Anglo-Norman William de Graham was the first recorded in the 12th C. The fourth marquis, James, helped restore the tartan. Folklore says they are descended from Gramus, who tore down the wall built by Emperor Antoninus. Graeme, Grahame.
GrantGrannd, Na Granndaich (Grants). From French grand "big" or "eminent". The main branch of the Siol Alpine of Clan Gregor. Most of the clan was loyal to the Stewarts. General Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), was the 18th U.S. president.
Gray — recorded in the 13th C., a Hugo de Gray from Normandy. Now very common in Scotland.
Greenlaw — associated with Clan Home.
Gregorson — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Gregory — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Greig — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Greusach — associated with Clan Farquharson.
Grewar — associated with Clans Drummond and MacGregor.
Grierson — ancestry traced to Gilbert, second son of Malcolm, and to Dominus de MacGregor in the 14th C. Associated with Clan MacGregor. Grier.
Griesck — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
Grigor — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Gruamach — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
Gruer — associated with Clans Drummond and MacGregor.
GunnGuinne. Either descended from Gunni, grandson of Sweyn Asleifsson, the Ultimate Viking (d. 1171, Dublin); or they were Pictish, and from the Welsh word gwynn. A warlike clan who held Caithness and Sutherland in the north, and constantly feuded with the Keiths and MacKays. During the Highland Clearances in Sutherland, many Gunns emigrated to New Zealand and Canada. Ganson, Galdie, Galle, Gaunson.
Guthrie — said to have descended from Guthrum, a Scandanavian prince. Squire Guthrie brought William Wallace back to Scotland from France in 1299.

Haddon — associated with Clan Graham.
Haggart — associated with Clan Ross.
Haig — first recorded Petrus del Hage in the 12th C. Alexander Haig was Secretary of State under U.S. President Nixon.
Haldane — either from Old English healf-dene, or Old Danish hal-dan, both meaning "half Dane". Other sources say it derives from a member of the Border house of Hadden or Howden who acquired the Gleneagles estate through marriage.
Hallyard — associated with Clan Skene.
HamiltonHamultun. Ancestry traced to Walter Fitz-Gilbert of Haneldone in 1295. May have originated in Yorkshire or Lancashire.
Hannay — family originated in the ancient province of Galloway.
Hardy — associated with Clans Farquharson and MacKintosh. Hardie.
Harold — associated with Clan MacLeod.
Harper — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Harperson — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Harvey — associated with Clan Keith.
Hastings — associated with Clan Campbell.
Hawes — associated with Clan Campbell. Haws, Hawson.
Hawthorn — associated with Clan MacDonald.
HayMac Garaidh. Listed in French records of the 8th C. La Haya de Puits was a high leader with William the Conqueror's army.
Henderson — said that Eannig Mor Mac Righ Neachtan (Big Henry), son of King Nectan (ruler of Caledonea in 8th C.) was the founder of the name. A 1450 manuscript says the clan descended from the Scottish tribe of Loarn. They were also hereditary pipers to Clan Abrach. MacKendrick.
Hendry — associated with Clan MacNaughton. Hendrie.
Hepburn — derives from the placename Hebburn in Northumberland.
Hewitson — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Hewitt — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Higginson — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
Hobson — associated with Clan Robertson.
Home — (HYOOM) from Aldan de Home of Berwickshire in the 12th C.Hume.
Hope — 13th C. records show a John Hope of Peebles-shire. The earls of Hopetoun trace ancestry to John de Hope, a retinue of Queen Magdalen, wife of James V.
Hossack — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
Howe — associated with Clan Graham.
Howie — associated with Clan Graham.
Howison — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Hudson — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Hughson — associated with Clan MacDonald.
HunterClann an t-Sealgair (Hunters). A family from Normandy who came to Scotland c. 1110. Aylmer le Hunter signed the Ragman Roll in 1296.
Huntly — associated with Clan Gordon.
Hutchenson — associated with Clan MacDonald. Hutchinson.
Hutcheson — associated with Clan MacDonald. Hutchison.

Inches — associated with Clan Robertson.
Ingram — associated with Clan Colquhoun.
InnesInnis. From the Gaelic word innis "islet". Originated in Moray in 1160 during Malcolm IV's reign. Inch, Innie.
Isles — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Irvine — from two placenames, Irving, an old parish in Dumfrieshire, and Irvine in Ayreshire.

Jameson — associated with Clans Gunn and Stewart.
Jamieson — associated with Clans Gunn and Stewart.
Jardine — listed as du Jardine at the battle of Hastings. Settled near Kendal in the 12th C., then to Lanarkshire in the 13th C., and in Dumfrieshire in the 14th C.
Jeffrey — associated with Clan MacDonald.
JohnsonMacIain.
Johnston — from John, a 12th C. holder of Annandale lands, and gave his name to his citadel, or "toun". A powerful Border clan that held the central area of Annandale. Johnstone.

Kay — associated with Clan Davidson.
Kean — associated with Clans Gunn and MacDonald.
Keene — associated with Clans Gunn and MacDonald.
Keir — derived from the Old Irish ciar "dark".
KeithCeiteach. Hervey de Keith held half the land named Keith during King David I's reign.
Kellie — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Kendrick — associated with Clan MacNaughton.
KennedyCeanadach, MacUalraig, Na Ceanadaich (Kennedys), Clann 'IcUalraig.. Ancestry traced to Duncan of Carrick of the 12th C.; or Henry Cinnidh was a younger brohter of William the Lion and founded the clan. Bishop James Kennedy and his daughter Kate founded a college at St. Andrews University in 1455.
Kenneth — associated with Clan MacKenzie.
Kennethson — associated with Clan MacKenzie.
Kerr — possibly of Viking descent, settling first in France, then the Scottish Borders in the 12th C. Early sheriffs of the Marches and the Border Reivers. Ker, Carr.
Kerracher — associated with Clan Farquharson.
Kilgour — associated with Clan MacDuff.
Kilpatrick — first recorded was Roger de Kirkpatrick who was with Robert Bruce when he stabbed the Red Comyn in the 13th C. Franciscan friary.
King — associated with Clan Colquhoun.
Kinnell — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Kinnieson — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
Knox — associated with Clan MacFarlane.

Lachie — associated with Clan MacLachlan.
Laidlaw — associated with Clan Scott.
Lair — associated with Clan MacLaren.
LamontMacLaomainn. From an Old Norse word for "lawman". Lamb, Lambie, Lammie, Lamond, Lammond, Lamondson, Laumon, Lemond.
Landers — associated with Clan Lamont.
Lang — associated with Clan Leslie.
Lansdale — associated with Clan Home.
Lauchlan — associated with Clan MacLachlan.
Lauder — originated with Norman Baron de Lavedre during the time of Malcolm Canmore. Robert de Lawedre fought for William Wallace and later became ambassador to England for Robert I.
Lawrence — associated with Clan MacLaren.
Lawrie — associated with Clan MacLaren.
Lawson — associated with Clan MacLaren.
Lean — associated with Clan MacLean.
Leckie — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Lecky — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Lees — associated with Clan MacPherson.
Leitch — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Lennie — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Lennox — first Celtic earl was Alwin MacMuredach MacMaidouern, Mormaer of the Levanach in the 12th C. Lord Darnley, who married Mary, Queen of Scots, was the son of the fourth earl of Lennox.
Lenny — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Leslie — derived either from Bartolf, a Hungaian nobleman who wa chamberlain to St. Margaret, queen of Malcolm Canmore; or from the lands of Leslie in Garrioch, Aberdeenshire.
Lewis — associated with Clan MacLeod.
Limond — associated with Clan Lamont.
Limont — associated with Clan Lamont.
LindsayMacGhille Fhionntaig. "Isle of the lime trees". Limesay, Lindesey.
Linklater — associated with Clan Sinclair.
LivingstonMac an Leigh. 12th C. records show that Leving, a Saxon, held lands in West Lothian. A family prominent in Scottish history from 1300-1715. The Highland branch originally had a Gaelic name with various spellings including MacDunsleinhe, Mac-an-Leigh, and MacLea. Explorer David Livingstone was of this Highland clan.
Lobban — associated with Clan MacLennan.
Lockerbie — associated with Clan Douglas.
Lockhart — the ancestor of this family came from Flanders and settled in Lanarkshire in 1272. The Lockhart name was gained when Simon Locard carried the key to the casket that contained Robert the Bruce's heart during the Crusades.
Logan — "son of Finnan's servant". Two distinct families, one of the Highlands, one of the Lowlands, with this clan name. The MacLennan's of the north trace their ancestry to the Logans of Drumderfit. MacLennan.
Lombard — associated with Clan Stewart.
Lonie — associated with Clan Cameron.
Lorne — associated with Clans Campbell and Stewart.
Loudoun — associated with Clan Campbell.
Love — sept of Clan MacKinnon.
Low — associated with Clan MacLaren.
Lowson — associated with Clan MacLaren.
Lucas — associated with Clan Lamont.
Luke — associated with Clan Lamont.
Lumsden — originated from a placename on the coast of Berwickshire. First appears in a charter signed by Edgar, King of Scots in 1098.
Lyall — associated with Clan Sinclair.
Lyle — appears to originate with Ralph de Insula, who followed Steward from Northumberland. During the 13th C., a Lyle family were barons of Duchal in Renfrewshire.
Lyon — first recorded in the 14th C., with Thomas Lyon. Possibly Norman or Celtic lineage. The wife of John Lyon, sixth Lord Glamis, was accused of witchcraft by James V and burned alive outside Edinburgh Castle.

MacAchallies — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacAchounich — associated with Clan Colquhoun.
MacAdam — associated with Clan MacGregor.
MacAdie — associated with Clan Ferguson.
MacAindra — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacAldonich — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacAlduie — associated with Clan Lamont.
MacAllan — associated with Clans MacDonald and MacFarlane.
MacAllisterMacAlasdair, Clann 'IcAlasdair. A branch of Clan Donald that traces its ancestry to a great-grandson of Somerled, Allister. They held lands in Kintyre and Knadpale, but the clan seat moved to Ardpatrick, then to Loup in Kintyre, after Bruce attacked Castle Sweyn in Knapdale. Alastair, Alexander, Alison, Allister, MacAlaster, MacAlister.
MacAlonie — associated with Clan Cameron.
MacAndeoir — associated with Clans Buchanan and MacNab.
MacAndrew — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
MacAngus — associated with Clan MacInnes.
MacAra — associated with Clans MacGregor and MacRae.
MacAree — associated with Clan MacGregor.
MacArthurMacArtair, Clann 'IcArtair. One of the oldest Argyllshire clans; they backed Robert Bruce and given the MacDougall land as a reward. Gen. Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964) was an American soldier. Arthur, Arthurson, MacCairter, MacCarter.
MacAskillMacAsgaill, Clann 'IcAsgaill. Associated with Clan MacLeod.
MacAslan — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacAulayMacAmhlaigh, Clann 'IcAmhlaigh. "Son of Aulay"; the MacAulay's of Lewis were followers of the MacLeods of Lewis and of Norse ancestry. An unrelated branch was part of Clan Alpine. A branch that moved to Loch Fyne took the MacPhedran name, which became Paterson. Aulay, MacAlley, MacPheidran, Paterson, MacCauley.
MacAuselan — associated with Clan Buchanan. MacAuslan, MacAusland, MacAuslane.
MacAy — associated with Clan Shaw.

MacBaxter — associated with Clan MacMillan.
MacBean — possibly originated in Lochaber, and settled in eastern Inverness-shire. A member of Clan Chattan, Myles MacBean supported Clan Mackintosh against the Red Comyn. MacBain, Bean, Binnie, MacBeath, MacBeth, MacVain, MacVane, MacVean.
MacBeath — associated with Clans MacBain and MacDonald and MacLean.
MacBeolain — associated with Clan MacKenzie.
MacBeth — associated with Clans MacBain and MacDonald and MacLean.
MacBheath — associated with Clans MacBain and MacDonald and MacLean.
MacBride — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacBrieve — associated with Clan Morrison.
MacBurie — associated with Clan MacDonald.

MacCaa — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacCabe — associated with Clan MacLeod.
MacCaigMacCaoig, Clann 'IcCaoig. Associated with Clans Farquharson and MacLeod.
MacCaishe — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacCall — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacCallum "son of the gillie of Calum". The head of the branch in Poltalloch changed the name to Malcolm before 1850.
MacCalman — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacCalmont — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacCamie — associated with Clan Stewart.
MacCammon — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacCammond — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacCanish — associated with Clan MacInnes.
MacCansh — associated with Clan MacInnes.
MacCartney — associated with Clans Farquharson and MacKintosh.
MacCartair — associated with Clan Campbell.
MacCarter — associated with Clan Campbell.
MacCash — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacCaskill — associated with Clan MacLeod.
MacCasland — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacCaul — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacCause — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacCaw — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacCay — associated with Clan MacKay.
MacCeallaich — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacChlerich — associated with Clan Cameron.
MacChlery — associated with Clan Cameron.
MacChoiter — associated with Clan MacGregor.
MacChruiter — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacCloy — associated with Clan Stewart.
MacClure — associated with Clan MacLeod.
MacCluskie — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacClymont — associated with Clan Lamont.
MacCodrum — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacColl — a branch of Clan Donald who settled around Loch Fyne and joined the feud with the MacGregors. Associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacColman — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacComas — associated with Clans Gunn and MacThomas.
MacCombe — associated with Clan MacThomas.
MacCombich — associated with Clan Stewart of Appin.
MacCombie — associated with Clan MacThomas. MacComie.
MacConacher — associated with Clan MacDougall.
MacConachie — associated with Clans MacGregor and Robertson.
MacConchy — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
MacCondy — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacConnach — associated with Clan MacKenzie.
MacConnechy — associated with Clans Campbell and Robertson.
MacConnell — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacConochie — associated with Clans Campbell and Robertson.
MacCooish — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacCook — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacCorkill — associated with Clan Gunn.
MacCorkindale — associated with Clan MacLeod.
MacCorkle — associated with Clan Gunn.
MacCormack — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacCormick — associated with Clan MacLean of Lochbuie.
MacCorquodale — distant branch of Clan MacLeod of Lewis, and who lived on the north side of Loch Awe.
MacCorry — associated with Clan MacQuarrie. MacCorrie.
MacCosram — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacCoull — associated with Clan MacDougall.
MacCowan — associated with Clans Colquhoun and MacDougall.
MacCrae — associated with Clan MacRae.
MacCrain — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacCraken — associated with Clan MacLean.
MacCraw — associated with Clan MacRae.
MacCreath — associated with Clan MacRae.
MacCrie — associated with Clan MacKay.
MacCrimmonMacCruimein.
MacCrimmor — associated with Clan MacLeod.
MacCrindle — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacCririe — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacCrouther — associated with Clans Drummond and MacGregor.
MacCruithein — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacCuag — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacCuaig — associated with Clans Farquharson and MacLeod.
MacCubbin — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacCuish — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacCulloch — descended from Lulach, King of Scots after MacBeth, and killed by Malcolm Canmore. The Highland MacCullochs owned much land in the Ross province. The Argyllshire MacCullochs were associated with Clan MacDougall.
MacCune — associated with Clan MacEwan.
MacCunn — associated with Clan MacPherson.
MacCurrach — associated with Clan MacPherson.
MacCutchen — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacCutcheon — associated with Clan MacDonald.

MacDade — associated with Clan Davidson. MacDaid.
MacDaniell — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacDavid — associated with Clan Davidson.
MacDermid — associated with Clan Campbell.
MacDiarmid — associated with Clan Campbell.
MacDonachie — associated with Clan Robertson.
MacDonaldMacDhòmhnaill, Clann 'IcDhòmhniall, Na Dòmhnallaich (MacDonalds). "Son of Donald"; the largest Highland clan, who at one time controlled the entire western Scottish coast from the Butt of Lewis to the Mull of Kintyre, and also had lands in Ireland and the Isle of Man. They can trace their ancestry to Conn of the Hundred Battles, the High King of Ireland in the 1st C. Donald comes from Donald of Isley, grandson of Somerled, lord of Argyll. The Clan Alister, the MacAllisters of Loup, come from Donald. MacDomhnall, MacDonnell, Donald, Donaldson, MacDonnell, Donell. MacDonald of ClanRanald, MacDonald of Glengarry, MacDonald of the Isles, MacDonald of Staffa.
MacDonleavy — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacDougallMacDhùghaill. "Son of Dougal". MacDubhgall, Dougall, Dugal, Dugald.
MacDowall — claim descent from the ancient lords of Galloway.
MacDrain — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacDuffMacDhuibh. "Son of Duff". Descendants of the Clan Alpin, they held the very old privilege of crowning Scottish kings. Duff.
MacDuffie — associated with Clan MacFie.
MacDulothe — associated with Clan MacDougall.

MacEachan — associated with Clan MacDonald of Clanranald.
MacEachernMacEacharna. Associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacEachin — associated with Clan MacDonald of Clanranald.
MacEachran — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacEarachar — associated with Clan Farquharson.
MacElfrish — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacElheran — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacEoin — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacEol — associated with Clan MacNaughton.
MacErracher — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacEwenMacEoghainn. Old documents show a Ewen of Otter in the 13th C. In 1698, Elspeth MacEwan was the last witch executed.

MacFadzean — associated with Clan MacLaine of Lochbuie. MacFadden, MacFadyen.
MacFall — associated with Clan MacPherson.
MacFarquhar — associated with Clan Farquharson.
MacFarlaneMacPhàrlain. From Parland or Bartholomew, one of which is claimed as the ancestor of the clan and held lands at the head of Loch Lomond during King David Bruce's reign. They also claim descent from the ancient earldom of Lennox. MacParland, MacParlane, MacPharlan.
MacFater — associated with Clan MacLaren.
MacFeat — associated with Clan MacLaren.
MacFergus — associated with Clan Ferguson.
MacFieMacDubh-shithe. A branch of Clan Alpin. They held Colonsay until the 17th C., but were scattered during the Highland Clearances. MacDuffie of Colonsay was the hereditary Keeper of the Records for the Lords of the Isles. Duffie, Duffy, Fee, MacCaffie, MacVie, MacVee, MacPhee, MacDuffie.

MacGaw — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacGeachie — associated with Clan MacDonald of Clanranald.
MacGeachin — associated with Clan MacDonald of Clanranald.
MacGeoch — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacGhee — associated with Clan MacKay. MacGhie.
MacGilbert — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacGilchrist — associated with Clans MacLachlan and Ogilvie.
MacGill — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacGilledon — associated with Clan Lamont.
MacGillegowie — associated with Clan Lamont.
MacGillivantic — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacGillivour — associated with Clan MacGillivray.
MacGillivray — originally from Morvern and Lochaber and one of the great MacDonald clans. In the 13th C. they were associated with Clan Chattan. Gilray, Gilroy, Gilvray, MacGilroy, Macilroy.
MacGillonie — associated with Clan Cameron.
MacGilp — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacGilroy — associated with Clans Grant and MacGillivray.
MacGilvernock — associated with Clan Graham.
MacGilvra — associated with Clans MacGillivray and MacLaine of Lochbuie.
MacGilvray — associated with Clan MacGillivray.
MacGlashan — associated with Clans MacKintosh and Stewart.
MacGlasrich — associated with Clans Campbell and MacIver.
MacGorrie — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacGorry — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacGoun — associated with Clans MacDonald and MacPherson.
MacGowan — from Gaelic gobha "blacksmith". Ancestry traces back to a king of Britons who died in 1018. Associated with Clans MacDonald and MacPherson. Gow, MacGown.
MacGrath — associated with Clan MacRae.
MacGregorMacGrioghair, Clann Griogair, Clann 'IcGriogair. "Son of Gregor". Ancestry is traced back to Griogar, third son of Kenneth MacAlpine, a 9th C. King of Scots. They became raiders and killers after their lands were taken by Clan Campbell; they were outlawed, hunted down, and executed. Those who escaped were forced to change their names. They were pardoned in 1644 after fighting under Charles I's standard; but the clan name was not restored until 1775. The most famous of this clan is Rob Roy MacGregor (1671-1734). Greer, Gregg, Gregorson, Gregory, Greig, Greyson, Grier, Grigg.
MacGreusich — associated with Clans Buchanan and MacFarlane.
MacGrewar — associated with Clans Drummond and MacGregor.
MacGrime — associated with Clan Graham.
MacGrory — associated with Clan MacLaren.
MacGrowther — associated with Clans Drummond and MacGregor.
MacGruder — associated with Clans Drummond and MacGregor.
MacGruer — associated with Clan Fraser.
MacGruther — associated with Clans Drummond and MacGregor.
MacGuaran — associated with Clan MacQuarrie.
MacGuffie — associated with Clan McFie.
MacGugan — associated with Clan MacNeil.
MacGuire — associated with Clan MacQuarrie.

MacHaffie — associated with Clan MacFie.
MacHardie — associated with Clans Farquharson and MacKintosh.
MacHardy — associated with Clans Farquharson and MacKintosh.
MacHarold — associated with Clan MacLeod.
MacHendrie — associated with Clan MacNaughton.
MacHendry — associated with Clans MacDonald and MacNaughton.
MacHowell — associated with Clan MacDougall.
MacHugh — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacHutchen — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacHutcheon — associated with Clan MacDonald.

MacIain — "son of John". The MacIaian's of Ardnamurchan trace ancestry to a son of Angus Mhor, Lord of the Isles in the 14th C. Associated with Clans Gunn and MacDonald. MacIan.
MacIldowie — associated with Clan Cameron.
MacIlduy — associated with Clans MacGregor and MacLean.
MacIlreach — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacIlleriach — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacIlriach — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacIlrevie — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacIlvain — associated with Clan MacBean.
MacIlvora — associated with Clan MacLaine of Lochbuie.
MacIlvrae — associated with Clan MacGillivray.
MacIlvride — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacIlwhom — associated with Clan Lamont.
MacIlwraith — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacIlzegowie — associated with Clan Lamont.
MacImmey — associated with Clan Fraser.
MacInally — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacIndeor — associated with Clan Menzies.
MacIndoe — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacInnesMacAonghais, Clnn 'IcAonghais. "Son of Angus", and from the Gaelic pronunciation of MacAngus. Origination from the Dalriads, hereditary bowmen to the chief of Mackinnon. MacAinsh, MacAnish, MacCansh, MacMaster.
MacInroy — associated with Clan Robertson.
MacInstalker — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacIntyreMac an t-Saoir. "Son of the carpenter". MacIntire, MacTear, Tyre.
MacIock — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacIssac — associated with Clans Campbell and MacDonald.
MacIvorMacIomhair, Clann 'IcIomhair. Associated with Clans Campbell and MacIver. MacIver, MacIvar.

MacJames — associated with Clan MacFarlane.

MacKail — associated with Clan Cameron.
MacKames — associated with Clan Gunn.
MacKaskill — associated with Clan MacLeod.
MacKayMacAoidh, Clann 'IcAoidh. Ancestry traced to the Royal House of Moray through the line of Morgund/Morgan of Pluscarden. Malcolm IV moved them to Ross and Sutherland in 1160; others settled in Galloway and Kintyre. Kay, Key, MacCaw, MacCay, MacKie, Mackay.
MacKeachan — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacKeamish — associated with Clan Gunn.
MacKean — associated with Clans Gunn and MacDonald.
MacKechnieMacEacharna. Associated with Clan MacDonald of Clanranald.
MacKee — associated with Clan MacKay.
MacKeggie — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
MacKeith — associated with Clan MacPherson.
MacKellachie — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacKellaigh — associated with Clan MacDonald. MacKellaig.
MacKellar — "son of Ealair," the Gaelic form of Hilarius. They were well established in Argyllshire by the 13th C. Associated with Clan Campbell.
MacKelloch — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacKelvie — associated with Clan Campbell.
MacKendrick — associated with Clan MacNaughton. MacKenrick.
MacKenzieMacCoinnich, Clann 'IcCoinnich. At one time, clan territory probably included most of mid-Ross and Muir of Orde. William the Lion moved them to Wester Ross (Kintail) in the 12th C. John, 7th chief of Kintail and son of Alexander "Ionraech," fought at Flodden. Mackenzie, Kenneth, Kynoch, MacKenna, MacKenney, MacKinney.
MacKeochan — associated with Clan MacDonald of Clanranald.
MacKerchar — associated with Clan Farquharson.
MacKerlichMacTheàrlaich. Associated with Clan MacKenzie.
MacKerracher — associated with Clan Farquharson.
MacKerras — associated with Clan Ferguson.
MacKersey — associated with Clan Ferguson.
MacKessock — associated with Clans Campbell and MacDonald of Clanranald.
MacKichan — associated with Clan MacDonald of Clanranald.
MacKie — traced to Stirlingshire in the 15th C. The clan living in mid-Galloway was powerful in the 16th and 17th C.'s; they also supported the Covenanters.
MacKieson — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
MacKiggan — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacKilligan — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
MacKillop — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacKim — associated with Clan Fraser.
MacKimmie — associated with Clan Fraser.
MacKindlay — associated with Clan Farquharson.
MacKinley — a Lennox district clan; records are obscure, but claim descent from Fidlay, son of Buchanan of Drumikill. Associated with Clans Buchanan and Farquharson. The surname is also found in Ireland, originating with Scots who were taken there to inhabit Ulster. Donleavy, Finlay, Findlay, Finlayson, MacInally, MacCinfhaolaidh, MacKinlay.
MacKinnell — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacKinney — associated with Clan MacKinnon.
MacKinning — associated with Clan MacKinnon.
MacKinnonMacFhionghain, Clann 'IcFhionghain. A branch of Clan Alpin; descended from Fingon, great-grandson of King Kenneth MacAlpine. Vassals of the Lords of the Isles. One branch was standard bearers to the MacDonalds of Sleat for generations. MacKinning, MacInnon, MacKinven.
MacKintoshMac an Toisich. "Son of the Thane"; claims descent from a son of MacDuff. Associated with Clan Chattan when Angus, the 6th chief, married into the clan in 1291. MacIntosh, Macintosh, Mackintosh.
MacKinven — associated with Clan MacKinnon.
MacKirdy — associated with Clan Stewart.
MacKissock — associated with Clans Campbell and MacDonald of Clanranald.
MacKnight — associated with Clan MacNaughton.

MacLachlanMac Lachlainn. Ancestry traced to Ferchar of Anrothan, prince of Aileach, one of three brothers related by marriage to the kings of Ireland and to the Somerled Lords of the Isles. MacLaughlan, Lachie, Lachland, MacLaughlin.
MacLae — associated with Clan Stewart of Appin.
MacLagan — associated with Clan Robertson.
MacLaghlan — associated with Clan MacLachlan.
MacLaine of Lochbuie — the elder brother of Lachlan Lubanach, Eachin Reganach, was ancestor of this clan. His son Charles began the line of Macleans of Glen Urquhart and Dochgarroch, associated with Clan Chattan. They followed the Lords of the Isles.
MacLarenMacLabhruinn, Labhran. One family settled in Perthshire, the other (Maclaurins) once owned the Isle of Tiree. MacLaran.
MacLairish — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacLamond — associated with Clan Lamont.
MacLardie — associated with Clan MacDonald. MacLardy, MacLarty.
MacLaverty — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacLaws — associated with Clan Campbell.
MacLea — associated with Clan Stewart of Appin.
MacLeanMacIllEathain, MacGhille Eoin, clann 'IcIllEathain, Na Leathanaich (MacLeans). Ancestry traced to Gilleain-na-Tuaighe (Gillean of the Battle Axe), who lived in the 11th C. and a relative of the kings of Dalriada. They fought at Bannockburn supporting Robert Bruce. The Campbells, their enemies, forced the Macleans to mortgage much of the land, but prevented from take it by force because of the fall from grace in 1681. Maclean, MacLane, MacLaine, Lean.
MacLeay — associated with Clan Stewart of Appin.
MacLehose — associated with Clan Campbell.
MacLeish — associated with Clan MacPherson.
MacLeister — associated with Clan MacGregor.
MacLellanMacIllFhaolain, Clann 'IcIllFhaolain. "Son of the servant of St. Fillan"; a quite numerous family in Galloway in the 14th C. Some Maclellan's of Perthshire claim to be a branch of Clan MacNab. Maclellan.
MacLennanMacIllFhinnein, Clann 'IcIllFhinnein.
MacLeodMacLeòid, Clann 'IcLeòid, Na Leòdaich (MacLeods). "Son of the ugly man"; descended from Leod, son of Olaf the Black, king of the Isle of Man. Leod's oldest son, Tormod, inherited Dunvegan and the Isle of Harris, adopting the title MacLeod of Dunvegan. Torquil, the second son, inherited Lewis. The MacLeods held high rank under the Lords of the Isles. Macleod, McLeod, McCloud.
MacLergain — associated with Clan MacLean.
MacLerie — associated with Clans Cameron and MacKintosh.
MacLeverty — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacLewis — associated with Clan MacLeod.
MacLintock — associated with Clan MacDougall.
MacLise — associated with Clan MacPherson.
MacLiver — associated with Clan MacGregor.
MacLucas — associated with Clans Lamont and MacDougall.
MacLugash — associated with Clan MacDougall.
MacLulich — associated with Clans MacDougall, Munro and Ross.
MacLure — associated with Clan MacLeod.
MacLymont — associated with Clan Lamont.

MacManus — associated with Clans Colquhoun and Gunn.
MacMartin — associated with Clan Cameron.
MacMaster — associated with Clans Buchanan and MacInnes.
MacMath — associated with Clan Matheson.
MacMaurice — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacMenzies — associated with Clan Menzies.
MacMichael — associated with Clans Stewart and Stewart of Appin.
MacMillanMac a' Mhaoilein, MacIlleMhaoil, Clann 'IcIllleMhaoil, MacGhille-Mhaolain. A clan of Moray who came from the ancient Kanteai, of the northern Picts. Malcolm Mor Macmillan was given a charter of land in 1360 by the Lords of the Isles, but had been lost by the end of the 15th C. Kirkpatrick Macmillan, born in Keir, invented the bicycle; when he rode it to Glasgow, he was fined for knocking down a pedestrian.
MacMinn — associated with Clan Menzies.
MacMonies — associated with Clan Menzies.
MacMorran — associated with Clan MacKinnon.
MacMunn — associated with Clan Stewart.
MacMurchie — associated with Clans Buchanan and MacKenzie.
MacMurchy — associated with Clans Buchanan and MacKenzie.
MacMurdo — associated with Clan MacPherson.
MacMurdoch — associated with Clan MacPherson.
MacMurray — associated with Clan Murray.
MacMurrich — associated with Clan MacDonald of Clanranald.
MacMutrie — associated with Clan Stewart.

MacNabMac an Aba, Clann an Aba. Ancestry traced to the hereditary Celtic abbot of Glendochart in David I's reign. Descendants emigrated to Canada and settled in MacNab near Ottawa in 1823. Some later returned and settled at Killin. Nab, Abbot, Abbotson.
MacNair — "son of the heir". Some of this family of Cowal anglicized their name to Weir. Associated with Clans MacFarlane and MacNaughton. Macnair.
MacNamell — associated with Clan MacDougall.
MacNaughtonMacNeachdainn. Lived in Lochaw, Glenaray, Glenshire and Loch Fyne in the 13th C. Dundarave became the clan's stronghold in the 14th C. After a marriage failure with the Campbells, they lost their lands in 1700. MacNaughton of Dundarave was drunk when he married the wrong daughter of James Campbell of Ardkinglas. The next morning, after discovering the mistake, he fled with the intended daughter, leaving behind a pregnant wife. Macnachtan, MacNaughton, MacNaughtan.
MacNayer — associated with Clan MacNaughton.
MacNee — associated with Clan MacGregor.
MacNeilage — associated with Clan MacNeil. MacNeiledge.
MacNeillMacNèill, Clann 'IcNèill. Ancestry traced to Niall of the Nine Hostages, High King of Ireland, who came to Barra in 1049. MacNeil, MacNiall, McNeill, McNeil, McNiall.
MacNeilly — associated with Clan MacNeil.
MacNeish — associated with Clan MacGregor. MacNish.
MacNeur — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacNey — associated with Clan MacGregor. MacNie.
MacNicolMacNeacail.
MacNider — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacNiter — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacNiven — associated with Clans Cumming and MacKintosh.
MacNuir — associated with Clan MacNaughton.
MacNuyer — associated with Clans Buchanan and MacNaughton.

MacOmie — associated with Clan MacThomas.
MacOmish — associated with Clan MacThomas.
MacOnie — associated with Clan Cameron.
MacOran — associated with Clan Campbell.
MacO'Shannaig — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacOull — associated with Clan MacDougall.
MacOurlic — associated with Clan Cameron.
MacOwen — associated with Clan Campbell.
MacOwl — associated with Clan MacDougall.

MacPatrick — associated with Clans Lamont and MacLaren.
MacPetrie — associated with Clan MacGregor.
MacPhadden — associated with Clan MacLaine of Lochbuie.
MacPhailMacPhàil.
MacPhater — associated with Clan MacLaren.
MacPheeMac a' Phì.
MacPhedran — associated with Clan Campbell.
MacPhedron — associated with Clan MacAulay.
MacPheidiran — associated with Clan MacAulay.
MacPhersonMac a' Phearsain, Clann 'Ic a' Phearsain, MacMhuirich. Derived from Duncan, Parson of Kinussie in the 15th C.; a descendant of Muriach, chief of Clan Chattan in 1173. Three brothers, Kenneth, John, and Gillies Macpherson, in the 14th C., are claimed as ancestors of the Macphersons of Cluny, Pitmain, and Invershie. Macpherson, Pearson.
MacPhillip — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacPhorich — associated with Clan Lamont.
MacPhun — associated with Clans Campbell and Matheson.

MacQuarrieMacGuaire, Clann 'IcGuaire, MacGuadhre. A branch of Clan Alpin, they held lands on the islands of Mull and Ulva. Most of the family papers were burned in a 1688 fire. MacQuaire, MacQuartie, MacQuhirr, MacQuire.
MacQueen — possibly derived from the Norse name Sweyn. Ancestry traced to Conn of the Hundred Battles and to the Isle of Skye. Associated with Clan Chattan through marriage, they still kept close ties with Clan Donald. MacSwain, MacSwan, MacSween, Macwhan.
MacQuey — associated with Clan MacKay.
MacQuilkanMcQuilkan, Wilkinson, Wilkie.
MacQuistan — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacQuisten — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacQuoid — associated with Clan MacKay.

MacRa — associated with Clan MacRae.
MacRach — associated with Clan MacRae.
MacRaeMacRath, Clann 'IcRath. "Son of grace". They settled in Kintail in the 14th C., and became chamberlains of Kintail under the Mackenzies. Macray, MacCray, MacCrea, MacCrae, MacCraith, MacCree, MacCrie.
MacRaild — associated with Clan MacLeod.
MacRaith — associated with Clans MacDonald and MacRae.
MacRankin — associated with Clan MacLean.
MacRath — associated with Clan MacRae.
MacRitchieMacRisnidh. Associated with Clan MacKintosh.
MacRob — associated with Clans Gunn and MacFarlane.
MacRobb — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacRobbie — associated with Clans Drummond and Robertson.
MacRobert — associated with Clans Drummond and Robertson.
MacRobie — associated with Clans Drummond and Robertson.
MacRorie — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacRory — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacRuer — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacRurie — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacRury — associated with Clan MacDonald.

MacShannachan — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacShimes — associated with Clan Fraser of Lovat.
MacSimon — associated with Clan Fraser of Lovat.
MacSorley — associated with Clans Cameron and MacDonald.
MacSporran — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacSwan — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacSweenMacSuin, Clann 'IcSuain. Associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacSwen — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacSymon — associated with Clan Fraser.

MacTaggartMac an t-Sagairt, Clann 'Ic an t-Sagairt. Associated with Clan Ross.
MacTary — associated with Clan Innes.
MacTause — associated with Clan Campbell.
MacTavishMacTamhais. in the past, associated with Clan Campbell. Dugald MacTavish of Dunardry was matriculated by the Lyon Court on July 23, 1997, and is now a distinct and independent Clan. MacTavish, Cash, Thomson, Thompson, and other variant spellings.
MacTear — associated with Clans MacIntyre and Ross.
MacThomas — Tomaidh Mor, a Gaelic speaking Highlander was a descendant of Clan Chattan Mackintoshes in the 15th C. When Clan Chattan became too large, Tomaidh took his followers to Glenshee. McComas, McComb, MacCombie, Thomas, Thomson.
MacTier — associated with Clan Ross.
MacTire — associated with Clan Ross.

MacUlric — associated with Clan Cameron.
MacUre — associated with Clan Campbell.

MacVail — associated with Clans Cameron and MacKay.
MacVanish — associated with Clan MacKenzie.
MacVarish — associated with Clan MacDonald of Clanranald.
MacVeagh — associated with Clan MacLean. MacVey.
MacVean — associated with Clan MacBean.
MacVicar — associated with Clan MacNaughton.
MacVinish — associated with Clan MacKenzie.
MacVurichMacMhuirich. Associated with Clan MacDonald of Clanranald.
MacVurie — associated with Clan MacDonald of Clanranald.

MacWalrick — associated with Clan Cameron.
MacWalter — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
MacWattie — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacWhannell — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MacWhirr — associated with Clan MacQuarrie.
MacWhirter — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MacWilliam — associated with Clans Gunn and MacFarlane.

MacintoshMac an Tòisich, Clann an Tòisich. MacIntosh, McIntosh.
MacintyreMac an t-Saoir, Clann an t-Saoir. MacIntyre, McIntyre.
Maitland — A Lowland family who rose to become dukes of Lauderdale. John Maitland lost his office for supporting the queen in 1567, but became secretary of state for life in 1584.
Malcolm — "devotee of St. Columba". An old variant is Maiklum, found in Strathblane. Callum, MacCallum.
Malcolmson — associated with Clan Malcolm (MacCallum).
Malloch — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Mann — associated with Clan Gunn.
Manson — associated with Clan Gunn.
Marjoriebanks — (major-banks) from Terrae de Rath Marjorie banks, the barony of Ratho in Renfrewshire lands Robert Bruce gave his only daughter, Marjorie when she married Walter, High Steward of Scotland.
Mark — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Marnoch — associated with Clan Innes.
Marshall — associated with Clan Keith.
MartinMàrtainn. Associated with Clans Cameron and MacDonald.
Mason — associated with Clan Sinclair.
Massey — associated with Clan Matheson.
Masterson — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Matheson — "son of the bear". An early branch of the Celtic earls of Ross and came from Lochalsh. Mathieson, Matthewson, Massie, Massey.
Mathie — associated with Clan Matheson.
Maule — ancestry traced to the de Maules of France. Robert de Maules came to Scotland with David I and given lands in the Lothians. The second son of the eighth earl of Dalhousie changed his name to Maule in 1831.
Mavor — associated with Clan Gordon.
Maxtone — traced to the barony of Maxton in Roxburghshire and probably originated with Maccus, son of Undewyn, who took lands during David I's reign. A Hungarian family of a similar name is related to one who emigrated from Scotland.
Maxwell — first recorded was the chamberlain of Scotland in the 13th C. They were wardens of the West March for many years. Caerlaverock Castle (south of Dumfries) was their stronghold.
May — associated with Clan MacDonald.
McJannett — from the Galloway area of Scotland.
Means — associated with Clan Menzies.
Meikleham — associated with Clan Lamont.
Mein — associated with Clan Menzies.
Meine — associated with Clan Menzies.
Melville — originated in the barony of Malaville in Normandy. 12th c. records list a Galfridus de Malveill in Scotland. Melville, Melvin.
Mennie — associated with Clan Menzies.
MenziesMeinn, Meinnearach. From a Norman family from Mayneris near Rouen. The earlist chief listed was Robert de Maygners, chamberlain of Scotland in 1249. MacMenzie, Macmin, Means, Minnus.
Meyners — associated with Clan Menzies.
Michie — associated with Clan Forbes.
Miller — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
Milne — associated with Clans Gordon and Ogilvy.
Milroy — associated with Clan MacGillivray.
Minn — associated with Clan Menzies.
Minnus — associated with Clan Menzies.
Mitchell — associated with Clan Innes.
Monach — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
Moncreiffe — Matthew Moncreiffe was given the lands of Moncreiffe by Alexander II in 1248; Matthew may have been a descendant of Maldred, Duncan I's brother.
MontgomerieMacGumaraid, Clann 'IcGumaraid. First recorded was Robert De Mundegumerie (d. 1177); Roger de Montgomerie was a joint regent of Normandy and earl of Arundel when William the Conqueror invaded England in 1066. Montgomery.
Monzie — associated with Clan Menzies.
Moodie — associated with Clan Stewart.
Moray — associated with Clan Murray.
Morgan — associated with Clan MacKay.
Morren — associated with Clan MacKinnon.
Morris — associated with Clan Buchanan.
MorrisonMoireasdan, MacGhille Mhoire, Na Moireasdanaich (Morrisons). Said that the family descended from a natural son of a king of Norway who came ashore on the Isle of Lewis. Until 1613, they were Judges of the Island; and were also deadly enemies of the Lewis MacAulays.
Morton — associated with Clan Douglas.
Mowat — a Norman family that settled in the Orkneys and Shetlands during David I's reign. The family had a bitter feud with Clan Cameron.
Muir — Thomas de la More's name appears as executor of Dervorguilla de Balliol's (daughter of the earl of Galloway, and mother of John Balliol who was appointed king by Edward I of England) will; the family held lands in Ayrshire, Lanarkshire and Berwickshire.
Munn — associated with Clans Stewart and Lamont.
MunroRothach, Mac an Rothaich, Na Rothaich (Munros). Originally came from North Morady and were vassals of the earls of Ross. 12th C. historical records list Hugh as their first chief. The clan lands near Dingwall were called Ferindonald. Monro, Monroe, Munroe.
Murchie — associated with Clans Buchanan and Menzies.
Murchison — associated with Clans Buchanan and Menzies.
Murdoch — associated with Clans MacDonald and MacPherson.
Murdoson — associated with Clans MacDonald and MacPherson.
Murphy — associated with Clan MacDonald.
MurrayMoireach, Na Moirich (Murrays). Ancestry traced to Freskin de Moravia, a Fleming of Duffus in Moray, where he was chieftain of the Duffus branch of the Royal House of Moray. Other branches were Murrays of Abercairney, Blackbarony, Dunerne, and Ochtertyre. Moray, Murrie.

Nairn — Probably from Airn and Cairn, meaning "land of the new Irish"; when the Gaels landed in Kilmartin, Argyll, they would build a cairn and claim the place as their own. Possibly associated with Clan MacKenzie.
Napier — from "Lennox had na peer" meaning "no equal"; from a statement by Alexander III. Records show this family in Scotland as early as 1140.
Neil — associated with Clan MacNeil. Neal, Neill, Neilson.
Nelson — associated with Clans Gunn and MacNeil.
Neish — associated with Clan MacGregor.
NicholsonMacNeacail, Clann 'IcNeacail (Nicolsons). From the Lowlands of Scotland around Dumfries, but also found on the Isles of Skye and Lewis as MacNichol, who trace their ancestry to an ancient family of Vikings. Nicolson, MacNichol.
Nisbet — from the barony of Nesbit in Berwickshire; first recorded was Philip Nesbit, a sheriff in 1493. Some of the family left for Sweden in the 16th C. Nisbett, Nesbett.
Nish — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Niven — associated with Clan Cumming and MacKintosh.
Nixon — associated with Clan Armstrong.
Noble — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
Norie — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Norman — associated with Clan Sutherland.

O'Drain — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Oliver — associated with Clan Fraser.
O'May — associated with Clan Sutherland.
O'Shaig — associated with Clan MacDonald.
O'Shannachan — associated with Clan MacDonald.
O'Shannaig — associated with Clan MacDonald.
OgilvieMac Ghille Bhuidhe. Ancestry traced to Gillibride, second son of Ghillichriost, earl of Angus. He was given the barony of Ogilvy c. 1163. Branches include Inverquharity and East Lothian. Ogilvy.
Oliphant — of Norman origin. David Holifard saved his godfather, David I, at the Rout of Winchester in 1141. William Oliphant held Stirling Castle against Edward I of England's seige.

Park — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Parlane — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
Paton — associated with Clans MacDonald and MacLean.
Patrick — associated with Clan Lamont.
Paul — associated with Clan Cameron and MacKintosh.
Pearson — associated with Clan MacPherson.
Peebles — associated with/sept of Clan Hay
Peterkin — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Petrie — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Philipson — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Pinkerton — associated with Clan Campbell.
Piper — associated with Clan Murray.
Pitullich — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Pollard — associated with Clan MacKay.
Polson — associated with Clan MacKay.
Porter — associated with Clan MacNaughton.
Pratt — associated with Clan Grant.
Preston — related to the de Preston family of Ireland; documents show an Alured de Preston in Scotland in the 13th C.
Pringle — taken from the name of lands in Roxburghshire; the family is first recorded during Alexander III's reign. They were also one of the Riding Clans of the Scottish Borders.
Purcell — associated with Clan MacDonald.

Quirie — associated with House of Gordon; integrated into Clan Gordon during the years following the invasion of Scotland from Normandy, France.

Raith — associated with Clan MacRae.
RamsayRamsaidh. First recorded in Scotland was Simon de Ramsay, an Anglo-Norman who received lands from David I; after the Battle of Marston Moor and Philiphaugh, William Ramsay was made the first earl of Dalhousie in 1633.
Randolf — associated with Clan Bruce.
Rattray — ancestry traced to Adam de Rattreiff in the 13th C. They followed the Murrays of Atholl, but were not a branch.
Reidfurd — associated with Clan Innes.
Reoch — associated with Clans Farquharson and MacDonald.
Revie — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Riach — associated with Clans Farquharson and MacDonald.
Richardson — associated with Clans Buchanan and Ogilvie.
Risk — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Ritchie — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
Robb — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
Roberts — associated with Clan Robertson.
RobertsonRobasdan, MacDhonnchaidh, Mac Raibeirt, Clann 'IcDhonnchaidh, Clann Donnchaidh, Na Robasdanaich (Robertsons). The ancestor was Duncan or Donnachaidh Reamhair, who led the clan for Robert Bruce at Bannockburn and was himself descended from Celtic earls of Atholl. The name came from a later chief, Robert, during the reign of James I. They also fought with the Stuarts in the Jacobite risings of 1715 and 1745. Donnachaidh, Dobinson, Macrobbie, MacRobert, MacRobie, Roberst, Robson, Roberts.
Robinson — associated with Clans Gunn and Robertson.
Robison — associated with Clans Gunn and Robertson.
Robson — associated with Clans Gunn and Robertson.
Rollo — lands of Duncrub were received by a John Rollo in 1380. Robert, the 4th baron, supported James Francis Stuart (Old Pretender) in 1715, but was forced to surrender.
Rome — associated with Clan Johnstone.
Ronald — associated with Clans Gunn and MacDonald.
Ronaldson — associated with Clans Gunn and MacDonald.
Rorison — associated with Clan MacDonald.
RoseRòs, Rois, Na Ròsaich (Rose(s)). Traced back to the Roses of Kilravock in Nairn during the reign of King David I. Hugh Rose built Kilravock Castle in 1460; Bonnie Prince Charlie stayed at the castle before the 1746 Battle of Culloden.
RossRos, Na Rosaich (Ross(es)). Claims Norman descent and possibly descended from Gilleon na h-airde. One of his descendants was Fearcher MacinTagart, who helped put down a rebellion for the Crown in 1215. The Ross family who held lands in Ayrshire and Renfrewshire in the 12th C. may be descended from Godfrey de Ros from Yorkshire. Vass, Wass.
Roy — associated with Clan Robertson.
Rusk — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Ruskin — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Russell- connected to the French name Rosel. The Russells of Aden in Aberdeenshire trace ancestry to an English baron who came with Edward III of England and stayed in Scotland after the siege of Berwick. Allied with with Clan Cumming.
Rutherford — a once rich and powerful Border family who took their name from the lands of Rutherford in Roxburghshire. The name appears in documents of William the Lion and Alexander II. Daniel Rutherford (b. 1749, Edinburgh) discovered nitrogen.
Ruthven — ancestry traced to Swan, son of Thor, son of Swein, who held lands in Perthshire and Clydesdale; Thor took the name de Ruthven. Patrick Ruthven was one of the Scottish lords involved in the murder of Mary, Queen of Scots' secretary, David Rizzio. His son, the first earl of Gowrie, kidnapped the young king and held him for ten months in what is known as the Ruthven Raid. The king escaped and Gowrie was executed in 1584. Because of the later Gowrie Conspiracy, the name was proscribed for forty years until its reinstatement in 1641.

Sanderson — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Sandison — associated with Clan Gunn.
Saunders — associated with Clan MacAlister.
Schaw — a Lowland surname recorded in the 13th C.; the northern branch of the clan descended from Shaw, son of Gilchrist, grandson of the 6th chief of Clan Mackintosh. The other branch is descended from Adam, second son of Rothiemurchus. Shaw.
Scobie — associated with Clan MacKay.
ScottScotach, Scot. A Border clan whose ancestry traces to Uchtredus filisus Scoti of the 12th C. His two sons, Richard and Michael, were the heads of two branches of the family; linked by marriage to the duke of Monmouth and the powerful Douglas dukes of Queensberry. Sir Walter Scot, the writer, was connected with Hugh Scott of Polwarth. The Scotts were a powerful Border clan in the 16th C., with the ability to raise 600 warriors to battle.
Scrimgeour — first mentioned in 13th C. Fife documents. Two documents of 1298 grant Schyrmeschur, son of Colin, son of Carun, the honor of carrying the king's banner in war, and made him a constable of the Castle of Dundee.
Semphill — from Renfrewshire and ancestry is traced to Robert de Semple, c. 1280. They were hereditary sheriffs of Renfrew.
Seton — the family played an important role in Scottish affairs and built splendid houses, including Seton Castle where Mary, Queen of Scots, lived after Rizzio's murder.
Shannon — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Sharp — associated with Clan Stewart.
ShawMac Ghille-Sheathanaich. Associated with Clan Chattan.
Sherry — associated with Clan MacKinnon.
Sim — associated with Clan Fraser of Lovat.
Sime — associated with Clan Fraser of Lovat.
Simon — associated with Clan Fraser of Lovat.
Simpson — associated with Clan Fraser of Lovat. Simson.
SinclairMac na Ceardadh. The clan's founder was William Saint Clair, son of Robert De Saint Clare of Normandy. Records show a Henry de Sancto Claro supported Robert Bruce and signed a letter to the pope in 1320. It is said that William St. Clair built Roslin Castle; the Highland Castle of Mey was a Sinclair stronghold built in 1568. Sinclare, St. Clair, Sinclaire, St. Claire, Sinkler.
Skene — the ancestor of the clan received the barony of Skene from Malcolm Canmore. The Skenes of Skene died out in the 19th C. Skeen.
Skinner — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Small — associated with Clan Murray.
Smart — associated with Clan MacKenzie.
SmithMc a' Ghobhainn, Clann a' Ghobhainn (Smiths). Associated with Clans MacKintosh and MacPherson.
Snodgrass — of local origin, deriving from the name of the dwelling place or locality where a bearer once lived. In one instance, the name can be traced to the lands named Snodgrasse in Ayrshire, and the name literally meant, "a dweller at the smooth, grassy land". In medieval Scotland it was common practice to identify a man with the area from which he hailed and to refer to him in this manner. Thus a resident of Snodgrasse usually adopted the name of their native soil as their family name. There was also a certain civic pride involved in registering one's native town as one's family name. Early instances of the name were generally prefixed with "de" meaning "of", a preposition used to denote surnames of local origin. The earliest instance of the name occurs in the Scottish Rolls and the listings are entered in Scots Gaelic one Adam Snorgyrs is listed as being the bailie (bailiff) of Are (Ayr) in 1372. The modern form of the name began to appear during the 16th C. one Patrick Snodgrass was admitted Burgess and Freeman of Glasgow in 1578. In Glasgow the surname frequently appears as Snodgers where a notable family of this name resided during the Middle Ages they were recorded in the Glasgow Protocol Books as being significant maltmen and brewers. One Margaret Snodgers inherited this firm from her brother John in 1621. *extensive info provided by JCSnodgrass.
Somerville — derived from a town in Normandy. David I gave lands in Lanarkshire to William de Somerville when he came to Scotland with him. Folklore says another William de Somerville got the lands for killing a monster that was terrorizing the area.
Sorely — associated with Clans Cameron and MacDonald. Sorley.
Spalding — from the town of Spalding in Lincolnshire. First recorded in 13th C. documents. Peter de Spalding, a burgess, helped the attackers of Berwick in 1318. Robert Bruce game him lands in Angus.
Spence — associated with Clan MacDuff.
Spens — said they are descended from Duncan, 4th earl of Fife. Patrick de Spens had lands in Berwickshire in the 15th C; and John de Spensa of Perth held land in Menteith.
Spittal — associated with Clan Buchanan. Spittel.
Sporran — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Stalker — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
Stark — associated with Clan Robertson.
Stenhouse — associated with Clan Bruce.
StewartStiùbhart, Na Stiùbhartaich (Stewarts). The Royal House of Steward has a family tradition that they are descended from Banquo, thane of Lochaber; but the family has been traced to Alan, Seneschal of Dol, a Celtic noble and are basically a Lowland family. Alan's third son, Walter Fitz Alan was High Steward of Scotland under David I. Walter's grandson, Walter, adopted the title Steward as a surname. Bruce's grandson, Robert Stewart, was the first of the Royal House of Stewart. Prince Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie), son of James Francis (the Old Pretender), is the best known of the family. His uprising was ended at Culloden Moor in 1746, and he died in Rome in 1788. Stewart was changed to Stuart after Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots. Stuart, Steuard, Steuart.
Stirling — first appears as a surname in the 12th C. John Stirlin of Moary swore fealty in 1291, and the Stirlings of Keir were established there in the 12th C. Stirlin.
Storie — associated with Clan Ogilvie.
Stringer — associated with Clan MacGregor.
Sturgeon — connected with the Dumfries area as early as the 1500s, with Andrew and John Sturgioun noted in records as witnesses in Dumfries in 1544. Allied with Clan Maxwell.
Summers — associated with Clan Lindsay.
SutherlandSutherlarach. Derived from the placename Sutherland, which the Norsemen of Caithness and Orkney called Southland. Ancestry is traced to the Celts who retreated before the Norse invaders. Hugh Freskin received the lands of Sutherland from King William the Lion in 1197. The first duke of Sutherland, George Granville Gower, built the town of Golspie. His is blamed for excessive Clearance evictions that drove most of his tenants overseas.
Suttie — associated with Clan Grant.
Swan — associated with Clan Gunn.
Swanson — associated with Clan Gunn.
Swinton — possibly of Anglian origin. Hugh of Swinton and his son Duncan received the thanedom of Arbuthnot from Walter Olifard. In the 15th C., some of this family went to France, where the name changed to Vincton.
Syme — associated with Clan Fraser.
Symon — associated with Clan Fraser.

Taggart — associated with Clan Ross.
Tarrill — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
Tawesson — associated with Clan Campbell.
Tawse — associated with Clan Farquharson.
Thain — associated with Clans Innes and MacIntosh.
ThomsonMacThòmais, Clann 'IcThòmais (Thomsons). Thompson.
Todd — associated with Clan Gordon.
Tolmie — associated with Clan MacLeod.
Tonnochy — associated with Clan Robertson.
Torry — associated with Clan Campbell.
Tosh — associated with Clan MacKintosh.
Toward — associated with Clan Lamont. Towart.
Train — associated with Clan Ross.
Trotter — "messanger". Trotter of Prentannan was head of the Border clan with this name in Berwickshire. Those associated with Morton Hall in Midlothian date their origin back to the reign of Robert II.
Turnbull — tradition says the name comes from William of Rule, who saved Robert Bruce from a wounded bull. Because of this incident, he became known as Turn-e-bull.
Turner — associated with Clan Lamont.
Tweedie — said that this old clan originated from a water spirit of the River Tweed. They held their lands of Drumelzier for 300 years until the land was taken away by Charles I.
Tyre — associated with Clan MacIntyre.

Ure — associated with Clan Campbell.
UrquhartUrchurdan. From the lands of Urquhart on Loch Ness. William Urquhart, a sheriff of Cromarty, married a daughter of the earl of Ross in the 14th C. The family seat at Craigston Castle has been held since 1604.

Vass — associated with Clans Munro and Ross.

WallaceUallas. "Strathclyde Briton", a native Gaelic name. It's well known in Ayrshire and Renfrewshire in the 13th C. First records of the surname mentions a Richard Wallace (or Wallensis) in the 12th C. Malcolm Wallace was patriot William Wallace's (1274-1305) father. William led the revolt against the English and was brutally executed in London. It is said that he took up arms after his wife was murdered by the English. Wallis.
Walters — associated with Clan Forbes.
Wardlaw — probably of Anglo-Saxon origin, although their name was taken from Wardlaw nearly Beauly. Henry Wardlaw of the 15th C. was bishop of St. Andrews and founded the University of St. Andrews.
Wass — associated with Clans Munro and Ross.
Watt — associated with Clan Buchanan.
Weaver — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
Webster — associated with Clan MacFarlane.
Weir — from a Norman name from Vere, France; the first Scottish record of the name mentions a Radulphus de Ver, who was captured at Alnwick with William the Lion. His descendants, the Weirs of Blackwood, only appear in records in 1400. Some of the Macnairs of Cowal anglicized their name to Weir.
Wemyss — from a placename, the lands of Wemyss in Fife. First recorded of this name was Michael de Methkil, aka Michael de Wemy.
Whannell — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Wharrie — associated with Clan MacQuarrie.
Wheelan — associated with Clan MacDonald.
White — associated with Clans MacGregor and Lamont.
Whyte — associated with Clans MacGregor and Lamont.
Wilkie — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Wilkinson — associated with Clan MacDonald.
Will — associated with Clan Gunn.
Williamson — associated with Clans Gunn and MacKay.
Wilson — associated with Clans Gunn and Innes.
Wood — a placename, "one living near a wood"; very widespread in Scotland, the most important branches of the family settled in Morayshire and in the Borders near Lanarkshire.
Wright — associated with Clan MacIntyre.
Wylie — associated with Clans Gunn and MacFarlane.

Yule — associated with Clan Buchanan. Yuille, Yuille.